Accepted Payment Types. [HowToDefineAcceptedPaymentTypes] Forms of payment accepted by an MFI. The default choices are cash, check/cheque, and voucher.
Account Status History. The account history shows listing of loan status changes with the first entry being the first status assigned to the loan when it was created. The information can be used to track the progress of the loan, the efficiency of the loan officer or MFI approval process. [not found]
Account. [Howtocreateanewloanaccount][WhatIsASavingsAccount] Savings account or loan account with an individual client or group.
Activity. A function provided in the Mifos software that a user can perform.
Adjustments. [HowToViewAndWorkWithGroupDetails] Changes made to an account other than normal disbursements and payments. This can include rescheduling missed installments and ??
Administrative Document. A document that can be attached to a specific loan or savings account and printed as needed. The administrative documents that ship with Mifos include a voucher, payment book, disbursal receipt, and payment receipt.
Administrator. A user role giving permission to view and modify the structure of the MFI, product definitions, and other internal settings.
Attributes. [HowToSetProductRulesAndAttributes] The attributes of a product include currency, interest rate, and repayment schedule.
BIRT. [HowToCreateReports] (Business Intelligence and Reporting Tools) is Free/Libre/Open Source Software for generating reports. See http://www.eclipse.org/birt/phoenix/.
Blacklist. A list of people that have been barred from getting loans.
Branch or Branch Office. The level at which all client interactions take place.
Bulk Loan, Bulk Loan Approval, Bulk Loan Creation. A bulk loan is several loans that can be created or approved all at once.
Category. [HowToSetProductRulesAndAttributes] A named group of products.
Center or Kendra. [CentersGroupsAndClientsOverview][HowToCreateANewCenter] In an MFI hierarchy, a collection of multiple groups. In India, this is called a Kendra.
Change Log. [Common tasks]
The changes made to any of the following items on the accounts page will be logged in the change log:
- Account information changes
- Addition/removal of fee types
- Addition of notes and change in collateral notes
- Status changes: includes changes that were made by the user and the system.
Checklist. [HowToWorkWithUserChecklists] Checklists specify what steps must be completed before changing the status of accounts or customer records can proceed. Each time a user attempts to change the status of an account or customer record, the Checklist defined for that state change is shown to the user. The user can read through the checklist and make sure all the requirements are met. These checklists will be associated with all workflows for accounts and client records but are not automated. Checklist types include Center, Group, Client, Loan, Savings.
Client. [Common tasks] To create a client you need to choose to attach a client to a branch or group and enter the client details. The following steps provide more details on the how to create a client. The individual client can have savings accounts and borrow money according to the rules of your MFI. [HowToCreateANewClient]
Collection Sheet, Collection Sheet Report. [HowToEnterCollectionSheetData] The collection sheet Web form shows all payments expected on that day, and situations requiring attention, including missed payments and missed meetings.
Dashboard. [HowToViewPerformanceHistory] Information page in Mifos for centers, groups, and clients.
Details Page. [HowToViewPerformanceHistory] Information page in Mifos for centers, groups, and clients.
Disbursal/Disbursement. Paying out a loan. [Commontasks]
Dormancy. [Common tasks] How long, after a period of no activity (dormancy) in a savings account, to mark the account as "On hold." The default is 30 days. [HowToSetProductRulesAndAttributes]
EMI. Equated Monthly Installment: this is the amount payable to the MFI every month until the loan is paid back in full. it consists of a portion of the interest as well as the principal. See the Appendix for a discussion of how to compute this installment. [HowToCalculateTheEMI]
Fee Types. [HowToSetUpYourOrganizationPreferences] Different fee types can be defined at the head office by authorized users. The user must have Can define fee type permission in order to define a fee type.
Fees or Charges. MFIs can charge their customer fee for the various services offered. Reasons for charging a fee can vary from one MFI to another. Mifos system gives the flexibility to MFIs and branches to define fee types to meet their requirements. Examples of fee types can be client creation fee, training fee, or account creation fee. [HowToSetUpYourOrganizationPreferences]
Fund Code. [HowToWorkWithFunds] A predefined numeric code for identifying funds.
Fund Type. [Common tasks] Name for group of sources of funds
Fund. [HowToWorkWithFunds] A source of money used to make loans or carry out other MFI functions. Examples are donor funds and deposits. Mifos provides a set of fund codes that Administrators can name as appropriate.
Gl Code. [HowToDefineNewLoanProducts] General Ledger code
GLIM. Group loans, individual monitoring. In a GLIM loan, all transactions (disbursals, payments, adjustments, bulk entry, and so forth) take place at the group level. The only major difference between GLIM and the usual group loans is that the initial loan account creation specifies the amounts given to each individual, the purposes for these amounts, and the way these loans affect the calculation of individual performance metrics. See also: Group loan.
Group. A collection of clients working together, that is assigned to a center or a branch. The group can act together to borrow money and hold a savings account. [HowToCreateANewGroup]
Group Loan . [Common tasks] Loan to a member of a group, where the entire group takes responsibility for managing the loan, and making sure that the borrower repays it.
Group Loan. In a group loan, the group has a single loan account, and the group is the primary unit that the MFI interacts with; a single repayment schedule is maintained for the entire group. The group as a whole is responsible for repayment and fees, and each individual in the group has a designated responsibility to pay their part of the debt. See also: GLIM, Individual lending.
Hierarchy, MFI. The structure of offices in an MFI is an inverted tree, with the central office at the top, and up to four levels below it. The system uses the office hierarchy to structure management, control, and reporting on microfinance transactions. Also called office hierarchy.
HO. Head Office
Holiday. [Common tasks] Periods of time when no payment is due. Each holiday has an associated repayment rule, such as Next Working Day.
Individual Lending. A loan made to an individual person. See also: Group loan.
Kendra. See Center.
Label. [HowToSetRulesForDataDisplay] Variable text in the user interface, changeable by administrators. These are in Unicode, and can be in any language.
Lateness. [Common tasks] An attribute of a loan product, specifying how long to wait after nonpayment of a loan before the account is marked "In arrears". [HowToSetProductRulesAndAttributes]
Loan Account. [Howtocreateanewloanaccount] Account with an individual or group to take out and repay a loan.
Loan Cycle Counter. A count of how many times a new loan account has been opened for the client. Rescheduling or writing-off a loan decrements the loan cycle count.
Loan Cycle. A client's loan cycle begins when a new loan account is opened. It closes when the loan is fully repaid.
Loan Officer. User role for personnel permitted to act on client loan accounts.
Lookup Options. [HowToSetUpAnMFI] In the mifos UI, a dropdown list of items to choose from.
LSIM. [Howtocreateanewloanaccount] Loan schedule independent of meeting: allows loan payments to be collected on nonmeeting days.
Management Information System (MIS). Software for aggregating and analyzing information from a business, designed to answer essential management questions. [Welcome]
MFI Hierarchy. See hierarchy, MFI
MFI Principles. [HowToCreateANewClient] The essential information that clients should know about the purposes and practices of a microfinance institution.
Microfinance Institution (MFI). Bank or NGO engaged in microfinance. [Welcome]
Microfinance. Making small loans to poor people without collateral, based on their ability to repay from a new or expanded business. Begun by Muhammad Yunus, founder of Grameen Bank. [Welcome]
Mifos. Microfinance Open Source software. Web-based software for microfinance institutions. [Welcome]
Minimum Balance. The required minimum amount of money that must be kept at all times in a savings account.
National ID . [HowToWorkWithRolesPermissionsAndSystemUsers] Government ID, national ID, or social security number. Also called UID.
NGO. A nonprofit corporation or other organization for some public good, which is not an agency of a government or a treaty organization (such as the UN), or a for-profit business. The legal basis for such organizations differs significantly in various countries. [not found]
Notes. The following section of the loan account dashboard shows the Recent Notes of a loan account. It shows various notes that have been appended to the loan account. The loan dashboard shows the 3 most recent notes. A note must be added when the user is changing the status of the account. The user can also add a note when need arises by using the Add note link. [Commontasks]
Office. [HowToCreateAndorViewTheOfficeStructure] Any part of an MFI hierarchy In Mifos, typically based on a geographic area or functional division, with users and clients assigned to it. An MFI can have five levels of offices:
- Area office, an optional level of office, used if subregions must be further subdivided. The Mifos structure does not support further divisions.
- Branch office, the level at which all client interactions take place. At least one branch office must be defined.
- Head office, the mandatory main or parent office for an MFI. Head offices do not offer client services directly, but can do so through a virtual branch office.
- Regional office, an optional level of office, used if the MFI covers a wide area that must be divided into smaller parts.
- Subregional office, an optional level of office, used if regions must be further subdivided.
On-The-Fly. [not found] Calculations that can be performed at any time, without waiting for any batch process to complete. In particular, calculations made and displayed immediately on a Web form from entered data.
Performance History. [Common tasks] A summary of essential information on centers, groups, or clients.
Personnel Hierarchy. [HowToWorkWithRolesPermissionsAndSystemUsers] Loan officers, with restricted permissions, and Others, with unlimited permissions within their offices.
PPI . [Common tasks] [HowToSetUpYourOrganizationPreferences] The Progress Out Of Poverty Index is used in India, to measure the financial improvement of a country's population.
Product. An MFI product is a type of loan or savings account, with an individual name and with various defined rules and attributes.
Redo Disbursal. [Common tasks] When a payment has been recorded and then reversed, this function allows it to be recorded again.
Repayment Rule. [HowToSetUpYourOrganizationPreferences] For a loan product, the way to generate a repayment schedule, and the requirements on borrowers in order to receive that type of loan.
Repayment Schedule. [Common tasks] For any loan, the dates and amounts of money to be repaid.
Reporting Engine. [not found] Software for generating reports from a description of the data required and the calculations to be performed. In Mifos, this is the BIRT engine.
Role. [Common tasks] A named set of permissions enabling users to perform a set of activities. Examples are Administrator (able to reconfigure a Mifos installation and define or redefine products) or Loan Officer (with full control over the accounts of their own clients, and the ability to view but not modify other accounts), Data Entry (able to enter transactions, but not otherwise modify client accounts).
Savings Account. An individual deposit account.
Survey. [Common tasks] Surveys are ways for loan officers and others working in the center to collect information about groups and clients for analysis and reporting. [HowToViewAndWorkWithCenterDetails]
System User. A person who works with clients, such as a Loan Officer.
User. A person authorized to use Mifos. Users are limited to performing the activities that are associated with a defined role.
Virtual Branch Office. [HowToCreateAndorViewTheOfficeStructure] A branch office defined within the head office, if that head office is to offer services directly to clients.