Airtime 2 for Broadcasters

Preparing the server

The following instructions assume that you have root access (sudo on Ubuntu) to a GNU/Linux server, and are familiar with basic command line tasks. Experienced system administrators may prefer to skip to the Expert install chapter in the appendix of this book after preparing the server as shown in the steps below.

The recommended Airtime server platform is Ubuntu 10.04 'Lucid Lynx' LTS. Ubuntu 11.04 'Natty Narwhal', 11.10 'Oneiric Ocelot', and Debian 6.0 'squeeze' are also supported options. Users of other GNU/Linux distributions may be able to adapt these instructions to suit their needs.

The server should have at least a 1GHz processor and 512MB of RAM, preferably 1GB RAM or more. If you are using a desktop environment and web browser directly on the server you should install at least 2GB RAM, to avoid swapping to disk.

The Airtime installation does not use much disk space, but you should allow plenty of storage capacity for the media archive. A hot-swap RAID array is recommended for the media archive, in case of disk failure. You should also consider a UPS or other battery powered system to offer some protection against short-term power failures.

The Airtime web administration interface is intended to work with any browser, on any desktop or mobile platform with a minimum display size of 1024x768 pixels. The recommended web browser is Mozilla Firefox 3.6 (or a later version). Google Chrome 8 (or later) and Apple Safari 4 (or later) are also supported.


If your Airtime machine will only be used to stream directly to an Icecast or SHOUTcast streaming media server, you do not require a soundcard to be installed on the Airtime server side. This option is suitable for Airtime installations at your ISP's data center, remote from any transmitter. However, you will not be able to take advantage of Airtime's live show recording feature.

If you intend that your Airtime server will have a direct audio output to a broadcast transmitter or a separate stream encoder, your server machine must have a soundcard supported by an ALSA driver. Almost all standard soundcards have ALSA drivers built into the Linux kernel, which do not need to be installed separately. If in doubt about driver support for your soundcard, check the ALSA soundcard matrix at:

USB audio device index

Some server motherboards do not have a default ALSA device, because a USB soundcard is prevented from getting index number 0 by the GNU/Linux distribution's configuration. This setting may be in a file such as /etc/modprobe.d/alsa-base.conf in Ubuntu, which can be edited with nano:

sudo nano /etc/modprobe.d/alsa-base.conf

Comment out the lines beginning options snd-usb- to fix the problem:

# Prevent abnormal drivers from grabbing index 0

# options snd-usb-audio index=-2
# options snd-usb-us122l index=-2
# options snd-usb-usx2y index=-2
# options snd-usb-caiaq index=-2

Save the file with Ctrl+O and close nano with Ctrl+X. Then remove and re-insert the cable connecting the USB audio device. The command aplay -l should now confirm that the USB audio device has index 0:

aplay -l
**** List of PLAYBACK Hardware Devices ****
card 0: MobilePre [MobilePre], device 0: USB Audio [USB Audio]
  Subdevices: 1/1
  Subdevice #0: subdevice #0

When using a USB soundcard with ALSA, some how-to documents advocate setting the nrpacks=1 option, but this is not recommended for Airtime because it can increase CPU load significantly.

Intel HDA mixer labels

If you have an Intel HDA soundcard, as built in to many contemporary motherboards, you may discover that the recording controls in alsamixer have incorrect labels. This problem can make it difficult to adjust mixer levels except by trial and error. To fix these labels, you can pass a specific model= parameter to the snd-hda-intel module of the Linux kernel. On Debian or Ubuntu GNU/Linux, you can do this by first finding the model you have, with the command:

cat /proc/asound/card0/codec* | grep Codec

The server should respond with a line such as:

Codec: Realtek ALC882

Referring to the appendix HD Audio Models in this book, find the matching codec and model. In this example, the codec is ALC882 and the motherboard has six analog jacks and two S/PDIF sockets, so the model is 6stack-dig.

  3stack-dig    3-jack with SPDIF I/O
  6stack-dig    6-jack digital with SPDIF I/O

Edit the file /etc/modprobe.d/alsa-base.conf with nano as follows:

sudo nano /etc/modprobe.d/alsa-base.conf

Add an appropriate line for your soundcard model to the end of the file, such as:

# Realtek ALC882
options snd-hda-intel model=6stack-dig
Save the file with Ctrl+O and close nano with Ctrl+X. Then reboot the server. After the reboot, you should now see that the mixer controls are correctly labelled.

Disable desktop and other sounds

If you are installing Airtime on a desktop computer, make sure you disable or remove any programs that could send unintended audio to a soundcard you are using for broadcast output. This includes alert sounds which play when the computer is ready for use, or when a user logs in. On Ubuntu, these sounds are configured using System -> Preferences -> Sound on the main desktop menu. (This configuration dialog only works when the PulseAudio sound server is installed).

You may prefer to remove all system sound files from the computer, in case they could be played unintentionally via the soundcard. For example, on Ubuntu you may wish to remove the ubuntu-sounds package, with the following command:

sudo apt-get purge ubuntu-sounds

Remove PulseAudio, if installed

The PulseAudio sound server is not compatible with Airtime soundcard output, but is installed by default on Ubuntu. To remove PulseAudio from an Ubuntu machine, type the following command:

sudo apt-get purge pulseaudio

Removing the pulseaudio package on a desktop Ubuntu machine may force the removal of the ubuntu-desktop metapackage. However, this metapackage is only installed on the system for managing upgrades; removing it does not remove the GNOME desktop.

After removing PulseAudio, if your Airtime machine has a desktop, you can install a mixer applet which can control the ALSA soundcard driver directly, such as gnome-alsamixer:

sudo apt-get install gnome-alsamixer

On a server with a soundcard but without a desktop, you can control sound input and output levels using the command line program alsamixer:

This program should already be installed on an Ubuntu or Debian machine with a soundcard. If not, you can install it with the command:

sudo apt-get install alsa-utils

Remove webmin, if installed

The webmin control panel ( has been known to remove Apache and PHP packages on Debian and Ubuntu systems, which can cause the Airtime package to be removed in turn. This problem is easily reversed by re-installation of the affected packages, but it has the potential to disrupt your broadcast playout from Airtime. Webmin is not likely to be installed on your server unless your system administrator has installed it manually. This is because webmin was removed from official Debian and Ubuntu package repositories some years ago.

RabbitMQ hostname

RabbitMQ requires a fixed and resolvable hostname (see, which is normal for a server. For a desktop or laptop machine where the hostname changes frequently or is not resolvable, this issue may prevent RabbitMQ from starting. When using a desktop or laptop computer with a dynamic IP address, such as an address obtained from a wireless network, the rabbitmq-server daemon must not start up before the NetworkManager service.

RabbitMQ on Debian

In Debian 6.0 (Squeeze) the rabbitmq-server daemon does not start automatically after a reboot. This should be fixed before installing Airtime, to prevent problems at playout time. If the rabbitmq-server package was installed before the last reboot, you will need to run:

invoke-rc.d rabbitmq-server start

as the root user before the installation of Airtime. If it is not already installed, run the following command as root:

apt-get install rabbitmq-server

After a fresh installation, rabbitmq-server will start automatically, so there is no need to run the invoke-rc.d command mentioned above.

In either case, you should then edit lines 13 and 14 of the file /etc/init.d/rabbitmq-server (as root) to show:

# Default-Start:     2 3 4 5
# Default-Stop:      0 1 6

and then run the command (as root):

update-rc.d rabbitmq-server defaults

This should make sure that rabbitmq-server starts after the next reboot.

Proceed to installation

Now your server should be ready for Airtime to be installed. Depending on your requirements, you should now proceed to either the chapter Easy setup, the chapter Manual installation, the chapter Automated installation or the Expert install appendix.